Hi everyone,

This is Mr. Daniel, I hope you are having a wonderful weekend.

Welcome to another week’s newsletter. I would like to talk about “Your Majors vs Careers” from my own perspective.

According to a study done by the National Center for Educational Statistics in 2018, an overwhelming number of students change their college major at least once. For example, 40% of the students whose original declared major in Natural sciences (biology, chemistry, etc) changed major within 3 years and 52% of the Mathematics majors changed to something else within 3 years.


So what college major works best? 

How will college prepare you with the skills needed to have a successful career? 

Are majors and careers the same?


Choosing a field of study and a specific major can be a daunting task. Many college students began to realize their lack of interest in their declared majors only after delving into the nitty-gritty upper-division courses and graduation requirements. Some lucky ones may discover what they are really good at and are able to choose the major that allows them to pursue their passion.

None of these reasons for changing majors are unreasonable. It takes a year or two to delve into classes (by taking discussion sessions, midterms, and finals) to really have a better grasp of what the major is and entails.  And only then, you may understand if you have really found something you truly enjoy learning and are worth continuing.


However, choosing a major does NOT necessarily mean choosing what you are going to do for the rest of your life.


For example, a USC student majoring in Entrepreneurship with a concentration in Venture Management is interested in applying for medical school. She may have the opportunity to participate in an entrepreneurial team managing an emerging startup to solve a social issue in poverty. Her unique experience along with her clinical research in Alzheimer’s Disease, cardiology & neurology shadowing plus other healthcare activities can really differentiate her from most of the premed applicants majoring in Biology.


As with college admissions, the most selective professional programs use a holistic approach. This means that admissions will look beyond your quantifiable factors (GPA, test scores, etc), and your attributes, life experiences (life story), and other nonacademic indices are also considered.

This is why your major does not have to be your career; you really should spend time choosing a major that you are interested in learning. The most selective graduate and professional programs want to see you following your genuine interest. So choose a major that you want, not what you think admissions want to see. 


According to ACT.org, there are about 30 specializations just under Business field!

  • Accounting
  • Accounting Technician
  • Business Administration & Management, General
  • Hotel/Motel Management
  • Human Resources Development/Training
  • Human Resources Management
  • International Business Management
  • Labor/Industrial Relations
  • Logistics & Materials Management
  • Marketing Management & Research
  • Office Supervision & Management
  • Operations Management & Supervision
  • Organizational Behavior
  • Purchasing/Procurement/Contracts Management
  • Restaurant/Food Services Management
  • Small Business Management/Operations
  • Travel/Tourism Management
  • Business/Management Quantitative Methods, General
  • Actuarial Science*
  • Business/Managerial Economics
  • Finance, General
  • Banking & Financial Support Services
  • Financial Planning & Services
  • Insurance & Risk Management
  • Investments & Securities
  • Management Information Systems
  • Real Estate
  • Sales, Merchandising, & Marketing, General
  • Fashion Merchandising
  • Tourism & Travel Marketing
  • Secretarial Studies & Office Administration

The University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School of business allows a high school student to choose the following majors in the Business field!

  1. Accounting,
  2. Behavior economics
  3. Business analytics,
  4. Business economics and public policy,
  5. Environment policy and management,
  6. Finance,
  7. Healthcare management and policy,
  8. Legal study and business ethics,
  9. Management,
  10. Marketing and communication,
  11. Marketing and operations management,
  12. Operation/information/decisions,
  13. Real estate,
  14. Retailing,
  15. Social impact and responsibility,
  16. Individualized


In addition to the School of Wharton, Upenn has the Dual degree programs such as the Huntsman’s program in International Studies and Business, the Management & Technology program where you earn two degrees. These are all extremely selective programs taking less than 25-50 students worldwide.


Another top business program in the nation is Berkeley’s Haas School of Business. It’s undergraduate program has 4 options

  1. BS in Business Administration
  2. MET Program (Management Entrepreneur & Technology Program)
  3. Global management program
  4. Biology+Business Program

Only #2-4 are freshman admit programs, #1 are for UCB sophomores or juniors. 


The USC Marshall School of Business has one of the largest selections of concentrations and career paths! Check out these areas below. https://www.marshall.usc.edu/elective-course-guide/concentrations-and-career-paths




On top of these, USC also offers great International exchange programs, Semester abroad programs, and Summer internships https://www.marshall.usc.edu/programs/undergraduate-programs/global-opportunities


All this is extremely overwhelming but undeniably so for good reasons. 


These specializations and concentrations are the cornerstones of the businesses that comprise our economy. It takes time to develop knowledge and skills to run parts of a business such as supply chains, logistics, marketing, and finance.

No one is expected to become an expert in all these different areas of business and economy. I think colleges and graduate programs want to see the extent of your understanding of how the world works. This is regardless of your major or career choice. We are all global citizens connected via the Internet and one of the most important attributes in the 21st century STEM workforce is the ability to collaborate with people having different ideas and perspectives. 


One of the ways that really helped me with getting enough exposure to the world is through reading. I try to read everything I can but only in the areas that I am interested in. The more I read, the more associations I began to make with the things around me. I enjoy reading in the early mornings and before bedtime. If you are a morning person, wake up 90 min earlier than you need to and just read in silence. The early morning is very peaceful. You can also jot down any inspiring thoughts in your personal notebook to look them over again later.


There are news reports, expert opinions, magazine subscriptions, online platforms in science, technology, business, finance, real estate, environment, entertainment. All of them are a click from your reach, thanks to digital technology and the internet. 


Tackle on reading more and more difficult materials, such as fiscal and monetary policies and their impact on the economy. Learn new concepts and vocabulary. The more you read, the easier and the more understandable the articles become. Take small steps first, and read the topics that you are interested in. Talk to your friends, your mentors, and your family. Ask them as many questions as you can, and get their perspectives and opinions on issues that you care about.


Colleges and graduate programs prioritize their applicant selections as follows

  1. GPA and test scores (MCAT, GRE, GMAT, DAT, LSAT…)
  2. Extracurricular Activities
    1. Internship
    2. Work experiences
    3. Research experiences & publications
    4. Community impact
    5. Special projects
  3. Essays & Letter of Recommendations
    1. Professors
    2. Committee letters
    3. Individual letters


In high school, you may participate in an activity because it looks great on the college application. In college, doing something just because it will look great on a Medical school application becomes much harder. For instance, would you be willing to spend 20 hours a week to investigate the effect of fasting and aging on tissue regeneration through regeneration in intestinal stem cells in order to study cancer cell metabolism? It would be extremely difficult to “fake” this activity if you don’t have any real interest in science research.

To really find an activity you enjoy, you really have to be willing to step out of your comfort zone. You’ll need to spend time exploring and experiencing the activity. You don’t have to wait until you’re in college, start anytime. It is never too late to start something.


Keep in mind, these are 4 attributes of a successful candidate for any university!


Attribute 1: Your ability to articulate your interest clearly through activities while studying in your chosen major will demonstrate why this major is important to you personally.


Attribute 2: Your ability in taking on difficult courses and beyond, especially in harder college level or upper-division courses will demonstrate your academic abilities.


Attribute 3: Your activities and interests must be consistent and demonstrate an impact on the community. We discussed the importance of focusing on 3 main activities and really delve into what you can do to make an impact. Always remember quality over quantity.


And finally,

Attribute 4: Your potential contributions 5-10 years down the road are demonstrated by the depth of activities you do. Do you have grits? Do you have the courage to try something different and do what you believe in? Are you conscientious in the work you do? Do you have the perseverance to overcome hardships? Do you have the mental toughness and resilience to take on challenges and work with people around you? Do you follow your passion and do things that motivate you?


Your experience through activities becomes your life story that the most selective colleges and graduate programs want to find out for themselves. You can not simply tell them on college applications.


Here is a video clip of a class at Harvard Graduate school of Business. This is HBS Case Method learning where students learn skills by engaging in discussion and critical thinking with their peers. Professors are like great conductors and mentors and guide the direction and flow of the discussion. It is amazing!



If you are interested in Business, remember Business is extremely vague and tells admission officers very little what you mean. There are so many areas of concentration within the Business field.

I think one of the best ways to demonstrate your interest in Business is through creative problem-solving. Businesses are created to solve problems. You can apply the same concept in your extracurricular activities.

Here are 6 steps to consider when you want to start a club. Your club is like a startup, you are the entrepreneur and your club will be your creation. 

  1. Start a club 
  2. Listen to what issues are in your own community
  3. Set your club goals
  4. Find the problems you want to solve or the opportunities you want to get involved in
  5. Plan out your club logistics (how to acquire and manage your resources), test your solutions to your problems to see if they work.
  6. Don’t give up if you fail, if you succeed, teach others and repeat.


Here are some college supplements for your reference. As you read them, you can gauge what colleges are looking for.


At Penn, learning and growth happen outside of the classrooms, too. How will you explore the community at Penn? Consider how this community will help shape your perspective and identity, and how your identity and perspective will help shape this community


Yale’s extensive course offerings and vibrant conversations beyond the classroom encourage students to follow their developing intellectual interests wherever they lead. Tell us about your engagement with a topic or idea that excites you. Why are you drawn to it?


Georgia Tech is committed to creating solutions to solving some of the world’s most pressing challenges. Tell us how you have improved or hope to improve the human conditions in your community. 


Harvard university’s prompt is more open-ended. You may talk about

  1. Unusual circumstances in your life
  2. Travel, living, or working experiences. 
  3. Letter to a future college roommate
  4. An intellectual experience that has meant the most to you
  5. How do you hope to use your college education
  6. A list of books you have read during the past 12 months
  7. Reflection on a time when you or someone else had to act with integrity and honesty
  8. What you would do to contribute to the lives of your classmates to advance the mission of Harvard College. 
  9. Taking time off before or during college
  10. Distinctive aspects of your background, personal development or intellectual interests.
  11. A prompt of your choice. 


Poverty & unemployment, global warming & climate change, housing crisis, income discrepancy, social injustice, collapsing healthcare system are all pressing concerns of the world. These are global problems that need solutions. Technology and future entrepreneurs with bold goals will need to step up to solve these pressing issues. Take wealth discrepancy, for example,  7.8 million Americans fell into poverty in 2020 (The federal poverty line for a family of four is $26,200). Twenty million Americans lost their jobs in the pandemic, and all the while, 650+ Billionaires in America have their wealth increased by more than $1 Trillion. Seven billionaires are now worth $100 billion or more! Currently, Jeff Bezos owns 10.3% of Amazon and is worth over $200 Billion depending on daily Amazon stock price. 

To grasp how much money is $200 Billion, let’s imagine that you are making $1 million each year. If you want to make $200 Billion, it would take you many lifetimes and generations. In fact, it will take you about 200,000 years to make $200 Billion at $1 million per year.


That is a really long time!


200,000 years ago, the first ancient Homo sapiens were killing each other using spears and axes and the earth was warming and cooling between glaciation cycles! 200,000 years is also the amount of time it would take light to travel across the Milky Way galaxy and back again at 186,282 mph.


So what do you do with all that wealth?

How about the Giving Pledge? Donate the majority of your wealth to make the world a better place?


In August 2010, 40 of America’s wealthiest people joined together in a commitment to give the majority of their wealth to address some of society’s most pressing problems. Created by Bill and Melinda Gates and Warren Buffett, the Giving Pledge came to life following a series of conversations with philanthropists around the world about how they could collectively set a new standard of generosity among the ultra-wealthy. https://givingpledge.org/ 


Billionaire philanthropists, innovators, entrepreneurs with bold visions drive the world forward. They are pioneers with the means to tackle challenges others won’t. They are committed to their cause and create foundations that benefit the lives of millions. Learn about what they do, be inspired. You don’t have to be a billionaire to tackle challenges on your own. Start something that you believe in and make your marks on the people around you no matter how small these marks may be.


Thanks guys,

See you next time,



Mr. Daniel





歡迎閱讀另一周的時事通訊。 我想從我自己的角度談談“你的專業與職業”。

根據國家教育統計中心 2018 年的一項研究,絕大多數學生至少換過一次大學專業。 例如,原申報的自然科學(生物、化學等)專業的學生中有40%在3年內轉專業,而數學專業的學生中有52%在3年內轉專業。






選擇研究領域和特定專業可能是一項艱鉅的任務。 許多大學生在深入研究高年級課程和畢業要求後,才開始意識到他們對自己申報的專業缺乏興趣。 一些幸運的人可能會發現自己真正擅長的領域,並能夠選擇追求能讓自己充滿激情的專業。

這些轉專業的理由都不是不合理的。 花一兩年時間深入學習課程(通過參加討論會、期中考試和期末考試)才能真正更好地了解專業是什麼和你所需要的是什麼。 只有這樣,您才能了解自己是否真的找到了真正喜歡學習並且值得繼續學習的東西。




例如,一名主修創業並專注於風險管理的南加州大學學生有興趣申請醫學院。 她可能有機會加入一個創業團隊,管理一家新興的初創公司,以解決貧困中的社會問題。 她的獨特經驗以及她在阿爾茨海默病、心臟病學和神經學陰影以及其他醫療保健活動方面的臨床研究可以真正將她與大多數生物學專業的醫學預科申請者區分開來。


與大學招生一樣,最具選擇性的專業課程使用整體方法。 這意味著錄取將超越您的可量化因素(GPA、考試成績等),並且還會考慮您的屬性、生活經歷(生活故事)和其他非學術指標。

這就是為什麼你的專業不一定是你的職業; 你真的應該花時間選擇一個你有興趣學習的專業。 大部分優秀的研究所和其專業課程是希望看到您真正感興趣。 所以選擇一個你想要的專業,而不是你認為招生部想要看到的。


根據 ACT.org 的數據,商業領域下大約有 30 個專業!

  1. 會計
  2. 會計技術員
  3. 工商管理,一般
  4. 酒店/汽車旅館管理
  5. 人力資源開發/培訓
  6. 人力資源管理
  7. 國際商務管理
  8. 勞資關係
  9. 物流與物料管理
  10. 營銷管理與研究
  11. 辦公室監督管理
  12. 運營管理與監督
  13. 組織行為
  14. 採購/採購/合同管理
  15. 餐廳/食品服務管理
  16. 小型企業管理/運營
  17. 旅行/旅遊管理
  18. 商業/管理定量方法,一般
  19. 精算學*
  20. 商業/管理經濟學
  21. 財務,一般
  22. 銀行和金融支持服務
  23. 財務規劃與服務
  24. 保險與風險管理
  25. 投資與證券
  26. 管理信息系統
  27. 房地產
  28. 銷售、營銷和市場營銷,一般
  29. 時尚營銷
  30. 旅遊營銷
  31. 秘書研究及辦公室行政



  1. 會計,
  2. 行為經濟學
  3. 商業分析,
  4. 商業經濟學和公共政策,
  5. 環境政策和管理,
  6. 金融,
  7. 醫療保健管理和政策,
  8. 法律研究和商業道德,
  9. 管理,
  10. 營銷和溝通,
  11. 營銷和運營管理,
  12. 操作/信息/決定,
  13. 房地產,
  14. 零售,
  15. 社會影響和責任,
  16. 個性化


除了沃頓商學院之外,Upenn 還提供雙學位課程,例如 Huntsman 的國際研究和商業課程、管理與技術課程,您可以獲得兩個學位。 這些都是非常有選擇性的課程,在全球範圍內招收不到 25-50 名學生。


另一個全美頂尖的商業項目是伯克利的哈斯商學院。 它的本科課程有 4 個選項

  1. 工商管理學士
  2. MET 計劃(管理企業家和技術計劃)
  3. 全球管理計劃
  4. 生物+商業項目

只有#2-4 是新生錄取項目,#1 是針對 UCB 大二或大三學生。


南加州大學馬歇爾商學院擁有最多的專業和職業道路選擇之一! 查看下面的這些區域。  https://www.marshall.usc.edu/elective-course-guide/concentrations-and-career-paths


  1. 會計
  2. 商業分析
  3. 創意產業業務
  4. 教育事業
  5. 娛樂業
  6. 創業精神
  7. 創業與經營
  8. 金融和商業經濟學
  9. 醫療保健諮詢服務
  10. 信息系統
  11. 管理和組織
  12. 營銷
  13. 運營管理
  14. 供應鏈管理
  15. 可持續性、社會和商業
  16. 技術開發和電子商務


除此之外,南加州大學還提供出色的國際交流項目、海外學期項目和暑期實習 https://www.marshall.usc.edu/programs/undergraduate-programs/global-opportunities




這些專業化和集中化是構成我們經濟的企業的基石。 需要時間來發展知識和技能來運營供應鏈、物流、營銷和金融等業務的一部分。

預計沒有人會成為所有這些不同的商業和經濟領域的專家。 我認為大學和研究生課程希望看到您對世界運作方式的理解程度。 這與您的專業或職業選擇無關。 我們都是通過互聯網聯系在一起的全球世界公民,而21 世紀 STEM (科學、科技、工程、數學)勞動力最重要的屬性之一是能夠與具有不同想法和觀點的人合作。


真正幫助我接觸世界的方法之一是閱讀。 我盡量閱讀我所能閱讀的一切,但只閱讀我感興趣的領域。我閱讀的越多,我開始與周圍事物建立的聯繫就越多。 我喜歡在清晨和睡前閱讀。 如果你是一個早起的人,比你需要的時間早 90 分鐘起床,然後安靜地閱讀。 清晨非常寧靜。 您還可以在個人筆記本中記下任何鼓舞人心的想法,以便日後再次查看。


有新聞報導、專家意見、雜誌訂閱、科學、技術、商業、金融、房地產、環境、娛樂的在線平台。 得益於數字技術和互聯網,所有這些都觸手可及。


努力閱讀越來越難的材料,例如財政和貨幣政策及其對經濟的影響。 學習新概念和詞彙。 你讀得越多,文章就越容易理解。 首先採取小步驟,閱讀您感興趣的主題。與您的朋友、導師和家人交談。 盡可能多地問他們問題,並聽取他們對你關心的問題的看法和意見。



  2. 課外活動
  3. 實習
  4. 工作經驗
  5. 研究經歷和出版物
  6. 社區影響
  7. 特殊項目
  8. 論文和推薦信
  9. 教授
  10. 委員會信函
  11. 個人信件


在高中,你可能會參加一項活動,因為它在大學申請中看起來很棒。 在大學裡,僅僅因為它在醫學院申請中看起來很棒而做某事變得更加困難。 例如,您是否願意每週花 20 小時來研究禁食和衰老對腸道幹細胞再生對組織再生的影響,以研究癌細胞代謝? 如果您對科學研究沒有任何真正的興趣,那麼“偽造”這項活動將是極其困難的。

要真正找到自己喜歡的活動,您真的必須願意走出舒適區。 您需要花時間探索和體驗活動。 您不必等到上大學,隨時開始。 什麼時候開始都不晚。


請記住,這是任何大學成功候選人的 4 個屬性!


屬性 1:您在所選專業學習期間通過活動清楚地表達您的興趣的能力將證明,為什麼這個專業對您個人很重要。


屬性 2:您參加困難課程及其他課程的能力,尤其是在更難的大學水平或高級課程中,展示您的學術能力。


屬性 3:您的活動和興趣必須一致,並對社區產生影響。 我們討論了專注於 3 項主要活動的重要性,並真正深入研究了您可以做些什麼來產生影響。 永遠記住質量勝於數量。



屬性 4:您在未來 5 到 10 年的潛在貢獻是否體現在您從事的活動深度上。 你有膽量嗎? 你有勇氣嘗試不同的東西並做你相信的事情嗎? 你對你所做的工作認真嗎? 你有克服困難的毅力嗎? 您是否具有接受挑戰並與周圍的人合作的精神韌性和韌性? 你是否追隨你的熱情並做一些能激勵你的事情?


大部分優秀的研究院所和研究生課程希望的是你能自己親身去了解,並且將你在活動中的經歷成為你的人生故事 ,你不能只是簡單地在大學申請中告訴他們。


這是哈佛商學院的一個班級的視頻剪輯。 這是 HBS 案例方法學習,學生通過與同齡人進行討論和批判性思維來學習技能。 教授就像偉大的指揮家和導師,指導討論的方向和流程。 非常棒!



如果你對商業感興趣,請記住商業領域是非常廣泛模糊的, 商業領域有很多要關注的點,所以面對招生官時儘量減少談論你的觀點。


我認為展示你對商業興趣的最好方法之一是創造性地解決問題。 創建企業是為了解決問題。 您可以在課外活動中應用相同的概念。


當您想開辦俱樂部時,需要考慮以下 6 個步驟。 你的俱樂部就像一家初創公司,你是企業家,你的俱樂部將是你的創造。

  1. 開辦俱樂部
  2. 傾聽您所在社區的問題
  3. 設定您的俱樂部目標
  4. 找到您想解決的問題或您想參與的機會
  5. 規劃您的俱樂部後勤(如何獲取和管理您的資源),測試您的問題解決方案,看看它們是否有效。
  6. 如果你失敗了不要放棄,如果你成功了,教別人不要重蹈覆徹。


這裡有一些大學的補充供您參考。 當您閱讀它們時,您可以衡量大學正在尋找什麼樣的學生。


在賓夕法尼亞大學,學習和成長也發生在課堂之外。 您將如何探索賓夕法尼亞大學的社區? 考慮這個社區將如何幫助塑造您的觀點和身份,以及您的身份和觀點將如何幫助塑造這個社區


耶魯大學廣泛的課程設置和課堂外充滿活力的對話鼓勵學生在他們領導的任何地方追隨他們不斷發展的智力興趣。 告訴我們你對一個讓你興奮的話題或想法的參與。 你為什麼會被它吸引?


佐治亞理工學院致力於創造解決方案來解決世界上一些最緊迫的挑戰。 告訴我們您如何改善或希望改善您所在社區的人類狀況。


哈佛大學的提示更加開放。 你可以談

  1. 生活中不尋常的情況
  2. 旅行、生活或工作經歷。
  3. 給未來大學室友的一封信
  4. 對您來說最重要的智力體驗
  5. 你希望如何利用你的大學教育
  6. 您在過去12 個月內閱讀的書籍清單
  7. 反思您或其他人必須以正直和誠實行事的時代
  8. 您將如何為同學的生活做出貢獻,以推進哈佛學院的使命。
  9. 在大學之前或期間請假
  10. 您的背景、個人發展或智力興趣的獨特方面。
  11. 激發您選擇的原因


貧困與失業、全球變暖與氣候變化、住房危機、收入差距、社會不公、醫療體系崩潰,都是世界面臨的緊迫問題。 這些都是需要解決的全球性問題。 具有大膽目標的技術和未來企業家需要加緊解決這些緊迫的問題。 以貧富差距為例,2020 年有 780 萬美國人陷入貧困(四口之家的聯邦貧困線為 26,200 美元)。  2000 萬美國人在大流行中失去了工作,與此同時,美國 650 多位億萬富翁的財富增加了超過 1 萬億美元。 七位億萬富翁現在身價超過 1000 億美元! 目前,傑夫貝索斯擁有亞馬遜 10.3% 的股份,價值超過 2000 億美元,具體取決於亞馬遜每日股價。


要了解 2000 億美元是多少,讓我們假設您每年賺 100 萬美元。 如果你想賺 2000 億美元,你需要很多輩子和幾代人。 事實上,以每年 100 萬美元的價格賺取 2000 億美元需要大約 20 萬年的時間。




20萬年前,第一批古代智人用長矛和斧頭互相殘殺,地球在冰川週期之間變暖和變冷!  200,000 年也是光以每小時 186,282 英里的速度穿越銀河係並返回所需的時間。



捐贈誓言呢? 捐出你的大部分財富,讓世界變得更美好?


2010 年 8 月,美國 40 位最富有的人聯合起來承諾將他們的大部分財富用於解決一些社會最緊迫的問題。 捐贈誓言由比爾和梅琳達·蓋茨以及沃倫·巴菲特創立,在與世界各地的慈善家就如何在超級富豪中共同設定新的慷慨標准進行了一系列對話之後,捐贈誓言得以實現。  https://givingpledge.org/


億萬富翁慈善家、創新者、有遠見的企業家推動世界向前發展。 他們是有能力應對其他人無法應對的挑戰的先驅。 他們致力於自己的事業,並為造福數百萬人的生活奠定基礎。 了解他們的工作,受到啟發。 您不必成為億萬富翁就可以獨自應對挑戰。 開始一些你相信的事情,並在你周圍的人身上留下你的印記,不管這些印記有多小。